1. Buoyant Rescue Quoit
One buoyant rescue quoit, attached to not less than 30 m of buoyant line. Used to assist the recovery of additional survivors.
2. Floating Knife
One safety knife of the non-folding type, having a buoyant handle and lanyard attached. It should be stowed on the exterior of the canopy near to that point to which the painter is secured.
In addition, a life raft which is permitted to accommodate 13 persons or more shall be provided with a second knife which need not be of the non-folding type.
One buoyant bailer for every life raft which is permitted to accommodate not more than twelve persons. Two buoyant bailers for life rafts which accommodate thirteen persons or more.
Two sponges, one being theoretically for drying out the floor of the raft, while the other may be used to collect condensation from the inner canopy.
5. Sea Anchor
Two sea anchors, often called drogues. Each fitted with a shock resistant hawser and tripping line. The strength of hawsers and tripping lines should be adequate for all sea conditions. Sea anchors shall be fitted with swivels at each end of the line and will be of a type that is unlikely to foul inside out between its shroud lines. One of the sea anchors should be permanently secured in such a manner that when the life raft inflates it will be caused to lie orientated to the wind in the most stable of manners.
The purpose of the drogues is to restrict the drift rate of the liferaft and reduce the risk of capsize. It is especially required if the life raft is engaged in helicopter operations.
Two buoyant paddles, used to assist the manoeuvring of the raft away from the ship’s side. It should be noted that it is extremely difficult to give directional force to a circular raft by use of the paddles alone and seafarers may find it more helpful to weight the sea anchor and throw it in the direction in which the raft is required to travel, so drawing the raft through the water towards the drogue. The paddles may also make useful splints for administration of first aid to possible broken limbs of injured parties.
Three tin openers. These may be incorporated with the safety knives.
One whistle or equivalent sound signal.
9.Buoyant Smoke Signal
Two buoyant smoke signals. This pyro tech equipment is held in compact container with a buoyant nature so that it can float on the water surface to signal distress situation.
10. Rocket Parachute Flare
Four rocket parachute flares. As the name suggests, the equipment has a flare which is launched at minimum height of 300m in the air, where it self-activates to produce intense red smoke. A parachute opens up and reduces the rate of decent which gives more time to the flare to remain at a height and to provide a clear view to nearby ships or help.
11. Red Hand Flare
Six hand-held flares. A hand flare is a small stick which when activated, produces an intense red smoke or light without an explosion.
12. Waterproof Torch
One waterproof electric torch, suitable for morse signalling. It should be supplied with one spare set of batteries and one spare
bulb, in a waterproof container.
13. Radar Reflector
One efficient radar reflector. For reflecting radar signals back to their source. Used to inform a position to rescue squads while at open sea.
14. Daylight Signal Mirror
One heliograph (daylight signalling mirror). This is a silvered sheet of metal which fits into the operator’s hand. It is used to reflect the sun’s rays in the direction of a potential rescue aircraft or surface vessel. In marine use it is a means of attracting attention and it would be extremely unlikely that the instrument could be used to transmit morse code successfully from a small boat or raft which would probably be moving in an erratic manner in swell and/or sea.
15. Fishing Tackle
One set of fishing tackle, usually comprising a fishing line and six hooks. Any fish caught should be treated with reserve as it may be of a poisonous variety. Fish, in any case, are not recommended to be eaten unless a plentiful supply of water is available. Should the raft become badly torn fishing gear can be used for repair.
16. Signal Diagram
One copy of the lifesaving signals, referred to in Regulation V/16, on a waterproof card or in a waterproof container.
17. Thermal Protective Aid
Thermal protective aids which comply with Regulation 34, in sufficient numbers for 10 per cent of the people that the life raft is permitted to accommodate, or two, whichever is the greater.
18. Food Ration
A food ration totalling not less than 10,000 kJ for each person the life raft is permitted to accommodate. These rations should be contained in airtight packages and stowed in watertight containers.
19. Fresh Water
Fresh water in watertight receptacles amounting to 1.5 litres per person that the raft is permitted to accommodate, of which 0.5 litres per person may be replaced by a de-salting apparatus capable of producing an equal amount of water in two days.